Comparative And Superlative Adjectives | Adverbs
Basic English Grammar
The comparative form is used to compare one person, thing, action, or state to another:
My Brother is smaller than me.
The superlative form is used to compare one thing to all the others in the same category; in other words, when the comparison is taken to the highest degree possible:
My Bed is the Smallest.
Things to Remember about Comparative And Superlatives
- Usually we add the suffixes -er and -est: warm / warmer / warmest
- When the adjective ends in -e we drop it and add -er and -est: large / larger / largest
- Adjectives that end in one consonant double it before adding -er and -est: red / redder / reddest
- Adjectives ending in -y change it to i and add -er and -est: juicy / juicier / juiciest
- Adverbs ending in -ly usually add the words ‘more’ (comparative form) and ‘most’ (superlative form): slow / more slowly / most slowly; lazily / most lazily / most lazily
- Some adjectives use ‘more’ for the comparative form and ‘most’ or the superlative: famous / more famous / most famous
- Some comparative and superlative forms of adjectives and adverbs are irregular: bad / worse / worst; much / more / most; well / better / best
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